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Like in most sports, the bocce court dimensions are standardized and relate to the rules and game play of bocce ball. The exact bocce dimensions of the court can vary by region but the courts are generally anywhere from 60 to 100 feet in length and 10 to 15 feet wide with the standard bocce court dimensions being close to 76 by 12 feet. The playing surface of a bocce ball court is enclosed with sideboards and backboards to contain the balls within play. The boards should rise between 6 and 12 inches above the surface and measure 2 inches or more in thickness. Bocce courts are typically reinforced either with concrete or wooden posts spaced evenly round the court at no more than four feet apart. The surface of the sideboards should be covered with hard plastic or rubber so the balls can bank off the boards.
The surface of the bocce ball court can also vary depending on the location of the court and its intended use. Grass and sand will suffice as the surface of a makeshift bocce court while actual bocce ball court surfaces are constructed of layers of clay-like material. According to the Bocce Standards Association, the layers of the court surface start with a minimum 3 inch concrete base, covered with a minimum of 2 inches of smooth, compacted clay-like materials for a level surface. This top surface is covered with loose materials such as sand, oyster shells, or topping clay depending on the preference of the builder to dictate how easily the balls roll over the surface.
The bocce ball court is divided into sections with the lines of the court corresponding to the rules of the game. The court is split in half across the width by the center line with each side of the court divided the same way. About 6 feet in from either edge of the court is the pointing foul line. Players must throw the pallino and bocce balls from behind this line. The pallino must end up beyond the center line for the throw to be valid. Another 8 to 10 feet in from the pointing foul line on both sides is the spocking or hitting foul line. Players can throw bocce balls from this line only with the intent of hitting opposing balls further from the pallino. The pallino is placed in the middle of the hitting foul line on the opposite end of the court if the thrower makes two invalid throws in a row. Both teams throw from the same side of the court and change sides at the start of each frame.